HIV/AIDS Facts

(referenced from CATIE, Canada’s source for HIV and HepC information)

According to 2014 national HIV estimates:

  • An estimated 75,500 Canadians were living with HIV at the end of 2014
  • This represents a 9.7% (6,700) increase since 2011
  • An estimated 2,570 people became infected with HIV in Canada in 2014
  • Over 26,000 people living with HIV have died since the beginning of the epidemic
  • 21% of people living with HIV in Canada are unaware that they have HIV
  • An estimated 16,020 people living with HIV remained undiagnosed in 2014

According to 2014 national HIV estimates, people living with HIV include an estimated:

  • 39,630 gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM). This represents 53% of all people living with HIV in Canada. The estimate includes 37,230 men whose HIV status was attributed to men having sex with men and 2,400 men whose HIV status could be attributed to either men having sex with men or injection drug use.
  • 13,960 people who used injection drugs (IDU). This represents 19% of all people living with HIV in Canada. The estimate includes 11,560 people whose HIV status was attributed to injection drug use and 2,400 men whose HIV status could be attributed to either men having sex with men or injection drug use (please note that these 2,400 men are the same as those noted in the bullet point above).
  • 23,700 people whose HIV status was attributed to heterosexual sex. This represents 31% of all people living with HIV in Canada. Of these, 11,360 people (15% of all people living with HIV) were from a country where HIV is endemic (primarily countries in sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean)
  • 610 people whose HIV status could not be attributed to sex or injection drug use. This includes people who likely contracted HIV through blood transfusions or clotting factors, transmission from mother to child, or needle-stick injuries in the workplace. This represents less than 1% of all people living with HIV in Canada.
  • 6,850 Aboriginal people. This represents 9% of all people living with HIV in Canada
  • 16,880 females. This represents 22% of all people living with HIV in Canada

The number of new HIV infections (incidence) may be decreasing among people who inject drugs, people exposed to HIV through heterosexual sex, and Aboriginal people.

According to 2014 national HIV estimates:

  • An estimated 270 new HIV infections (11% of new infections) were attributed to injection drug use compared to an estimated 384 new infections (14% of new infections) in 2011.
  • An estimated 839 new HIV infections were attributed to heterosexual sex in 2014 (33%) compared to an estimated 927 new infections (33%) in 2011.
  • An estimated 278 new HIV infections (11%) occurred in Aboriginal people¬†compared to an estimated 349 new infections (13%) in 2011.

Aboriginal populations are still over-represented in the HIV epidemic. According to 2014 national HIV estimates:

  • An estimated 278 new HIV infections (11%) occurred in Aboriginal people compared to an estimated 349 new infections (13%) in 2011.
  • Aboriginal populations have incidence rates 2.7 times higher than people of other ethnicities.