HIV Undetectable = Untransmittable
Hundreds of organizations, including HIV Community Link, have endorsed the ‘Undetectable Equals Untransmittable’ (U=U) Consensus Statement issued by the Prevention Access Campaign. It states that if you have an undetectable viral load and you take your medications correctly, you cannot transmit HIV to your sexual partners.
The U=U consensus statement reads: People living with HIV on ART [antiretroviral therapy] with an undetectable viral load in their blood have a negligible risk of sexual transmission of HIV. Depending on the medications used, it may take up to six months for the viral load to become undetectable. Continued and reliable HIV suppression requires selection of appropriate agents and excellent adherence to treatment. HIV viral suppression should be monitored to assure both personal health and public health benefits.
Be aware that the undetectable HIV viral load only prevents HIV transmission to sexual partners. Condoms also help prevent HIV transmission as well as other STIs and pregnancy.